India, one of the oldest and richest civilizations in the world has a history and a list of accolades to its name that could not be contained in any books and is certainly so much more than dynasties and the royals. From Medicine to Fashion, the nation has contributed to furthering many fields that have made life easier, globally. Below is the list of some of the Indian Inventions which have benefited the world
Can you ever imagine a world without the number Zero? An Indian Mathematician named Aryabhata invented Zero in the 5th Century AD. He was the first in the line of great mathematicians from the classical age of Indian Mathematics and Astronomy. The Mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, Algebra, plane and spherical trigonometry. He was first person to say that Earth is spherical and it revolves around the sun.
Many countries claim to have invented the chess game in some incipient form. The most commonly held belief is that chess originated in northern India, where it was called Chaturanga, which appears to have been invented in the 6th century AD. The history of chess can be traced back to more than 1500 years.
THE USB PORT
The Indian-American Intel’s Chief Systems Technologist named Ajay Bhatt in 1994 helped define and develop not only the USB but also various other technologies like AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port), PCI Express, Platform Power Management Architecture and other numerous chipset improvements.
Buttons were first used in Mohenjo-daro for ornamental purpose rather than for fastening. They were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization by 2000 BCE. They were made out of seashells and formed into geometric shapes with tiny holes bored into them. In the past, they were used for ornamental purposes, but gradually, people started to use them for fastening clothes.
The ancient Greeks used to wear animal skins and were not even aware of cotton. But Indians were sort of cool and started cultivating cotton during the 5th – 4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization
Indian physician Sushruta (6th century BCE) had the knowledge of performing cataract surgery. It spread to China from India. Greek scientists would visit India to get operations done and also to learn the nitty-gritties.
Worldwide, India was the only source of diamonds until the discovery of mines in Brazil in the 18th century. Almost 5000 years ago, diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India.
Since 4th century BC, the practice of writing with ink with a sharp pointed needle was common in South India.
Indians were pioneers in Plastic Surgery too. It was carried out in India as early as 2000 BCE.
If you’ve ever undergone Ayurvedic therapy, you’ve got to thank India for it or more precisely, the Father of Medicine, Charaka, who was one of the prime contributors to Ayurveda. ‘Ayurveda’ means ‘science of life’; it is a traditional school of medicine, invented and practised in India for over 5,000 years, and helps people attain good health and living, without the use of prescription drugs.
A significant contribution in the field of healthy living, India introduced the world to yoga, discovered and practised in the country since ancient times, with origins tracing back to Lord Shiva (also known as Adi Yoga), the first yoga guru. The world celebrates ‘International Yoga Day’ on June 21st every year, and the man responsible for this day is none other than India Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi, who initiated the concept of practising yoga and celebrating it as Yoga Day.
You have India to thank for shampoo, invented in 1762 in the eastern parts of the Mughal Empire and used as a ‘head massage’, comprising of natural oils and herbs. The English word ‘shampoo’ derives its name from the Hindi word ‘chāmpo’, which comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Chapayati’, meaning massage.
Cure for leprosy and lithiasis
Indians first identified and cured leprosy by using ancient remedies mentioned in the Atharva Veda (1500–1200 BCE). India was the first to treat this disease in a treatment described in the Sushruta Samhita (6th century BCE), a textbook on ancient surgery.
The products made from natural fibres, such as jute, cotton and wool, all have their origins in India. The finest wool – cashmere wool – came from the Kashmir region of India and was used for making woollen shawls. The country also pioneered jute and cotton cultivation. The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilisation grew cotton during the 5th millennium–4th millennium BCE and converted the cotton into threads, which were later used in fabrics. Also, since ancient times, India has been growing jute (a plant fibre) and exporting raw jute to the West.
first university – Takshashila University
As early as 700 B.C., there existed a giant University at Takshashila, located in the northwest region of India. It had 300 lecture halls, laboratories, a library and a towering observatory for astronomical research. A Chinese traveler, Hien Tsang wrote in his diary that it had 10,000 students and 200 professors.
Buddhism and Jainism
Jainism has historically been largely confined to India, whereas Buddhism originated in India but subsequently flourished and developed several branches in other Asian countries.